Returning to Antioch
Paul must have been quite the sight as he entered into Derbe. But people listened to what he and Barnabas taught, and many obeyed the divine commands. After an apparently persecution-free visit there,1 they returned to the scene of the stoning, Lystra, and met again with the souls who had obeyed the blessed gospel, encouraging them, grounding them in the truth, and warning them that they will have difficult times ahead of them—but that the eternal reward is worth the tribulation here on earth. How powerful this message must have been when coming from the one who had been viciously attacked and left for dead by an angry mob! He tells them that even though he was nearly killed, it was worth it for heaven! Then, from among the gathered disciples, Paul and Barnabas selected and ordained men to serve as elders.2
Departing from Lystra, he returned to Iconium—the same city that he had to flee from in order to avoid being stoned earlier; the same city that was home to some of the very Jews who had chased him to Lystra and actually caused the stoning that left him looking dead. This shows incredible boldness on the part of Jesus’ own chosen apostle.3 There, he and Barnabas did as they did in Lystra: encouraging the saints to persevere under pressure, and selecting and ordaining godly men to serve as elders.
Doing the same thing in Antioch of Pisidia, they then returned to Perga (where John Mark had left them) and preached the gospel there before going to Attalia and sailing back to Antioch of Syria, from which they had been called by the Holy Spirit in the first place.
Once they returned to Antioch, they gathered the church together and reported all the things that had happened to them. You can imagine the smiles when Paul shared the joyful news of the obedient believers; the looks of surprise and horror when they described the priest of Zeus and the crowds in Lystra trying to worship mere men; the shock and compassion when Paul’s near-death experience was mentioned. They were certainly pleased and encouraged by the response to the gospel by the Gentiles, and welcomed these two men back as beloved brothers in Christ. Paul and Barnabas stayed in Antioch “a long time” after returning.4
-Bradley S. Cobb
1 It seems most likely that, after believing Paul to be dead, the Jewish persecutors thought the matter over, and went back home. Paul probably didn’t make his entrance into the city a public event or spectacle, and his departure was probably the same way, giving the persecutors no reason to stay. Thus, they wouldn’t have heard about Paul’s work in Derbe until much later.
2 Acts 14:21-23. See 1 Timothy 3 and Titus 1 for the characteristics that the chosen men had. There are those who claim that these are simply guidelines, suggestions for those who want to serve as elders; but the Scripture says that an elder must be those things, possess those character traits. If a man doesn’t meet those qualifications, then he can call himself an elder all he wants—but according to God, he isn’t an elder. Instead, he is a usurper of the divinely-given office, and will have to give an account to God for his usurpation of authority that doesn’t belong to him.
3 It is possible that the return visits to Lystra, Iconium, and Antioch of Pisidia did not involve public preaching, but were instead private, inconspicuous visits. Paul would not have wanted to push his persecutors into repeating their murderous attempt at Lystra.
4 All of these events can be found described in Acts 14:21-28.