A Christian woman is a blessing to her family, to her friends, to her brethren, and to her Lord. In the Bible, we can read of Christian women like Lydia, who showed hospitality to fellow-Christians (Acts 16); like Phoebe, who is called an “assistant” (Romans 16:2, MLV) or a “patroness” (Thayer) of the brethren; like Priscilla, who is called a “fellow-laborer” who had risked her own life for another Christian (Romans 16:3-4); like Lois and Eunice, who passed on their faith to a young man who became a missionary named Timothy (2 Timothy 1:5); and countless others whose names are not recorded in the Bible, but whose work helped to encourage and strengthen the saints, while also helping to convert sinners to Jesus Christ.
If not for the influence of Christian women, many of us in this room would not be here, meeting together, serving the Lord.
There are some, however, that would say, “That’s not good enough!” Like Aaron and Miriam of old, there are those who try to argue that the ones leading have taken it all on themselves, and that they are just as qualified to lead. These people run to Galatians 3:28 and say that “In Christ, there are no more male and female distinctions!” Let’s take a look at that passage, and we’ll also look at some others as we consider the role of women in the church of Jesus Christ.
“Neither Male Nor Female…”
As is often the case, verses (or even phrases from inside a verse) are pulled from their context and applied to things that they were never meant to apply to. We could mention several examples, but for the sake of staying on-topic, we’ll just stick with the point at hand. Look with me at Galatians 3:26-29.
For you are all children (literally “sons”) of God by the faith in Christ Jesus, because as many of you as have been baptized into Christ have put on Christ. There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither bond nor free, there is neither male nor female: for you are all one in Christ Jesus. And if you be Christ’s, then you are Abraham’s seed, and heirs according to the promise.
Again, note verse 26, which literally says “sons” instead of “children.” Under the Old Testament, it was the son—not the daughter—who received the inheritance. Slaves did not receive inheritance. Gentiles definitely did not receive the inheritance. Yet, in Christ, all these groups have access to the inheritance through Jesus Christ.
Those who try to rip “there is neither male nor female: for you are all one in Christ Jesus” in order to “prove” that both genders are authorized to perform any and every role/function in the church miss the point. Male and female absolutely still existed, literally, in the church. Jew and Gentile absolutely still literally existed in the church. Free men and slaves absolutely still existed literally in the church. Therefore, Paul isn’t speaking about the literal distinctions being done away with.
What he’s saying is that in Christ, EVERYONE can be an heir of the promise made to Abraham. He’s not talking about roles in the worship—otherwise he completely contradicted himself 10 or so years later when he told Timothy that God placed the leadership in worship upon the shoulders of male Christians (1 Timothy 2). He’s not talking about roles in the family—otherwise he contradicted himself 10 or so years later when he told wives to “submit” to their husbands (Ephesians 5:22-24). Just like becoming a Christian didn’t make a slave no longer a slave—see the book of Philemon—he still had a specific role to fulfill, being in submission to his owner (who might or might not have been a Christian).
When we consider the context in which Paul says “there is neither male nor female,” we are required to come to the conclusion that it means there are no class, gender, or race distinctions of any kind that would keep someone who has truly put on Christ in baptism from receiving the inheritance from God through Jesus Christ.
There is nothing at all in the context about worship roles in the church.
Let your women keep silence in the churches: for it is not permitted for them to speak;
Turn to First Corinthians 14. I realize that it’s 40 verses long, but read along with me through the whole chapter.
(Read entire chapter)
Now I want you to take notice of three main points throughout this text. First, I want you to look at the context—what is it that Paul writes about here? He writes about spiritual gifts (miraculous gifts) including prophecy (v 1 and others), speaking in tongues (v 2 and others), interpreting tongues (v 5, 13), revelation (v 6), miraculous knowledge (v 6), inspired teaching (v 6), praying in tongues (v 14), and leading a song (v 14, 26). These are all roles of speaking in the worship assembly. They are what is generally referred to as leadership positions in the worship. This is the context.
Second, take special notice that it is specifically in reference to the assembly of the church, when it comes together for prayer, singing, teaching, and encouragement. Verse 4 shows that the purpose of prophesying was to “edify the church.” Verse 5 says that speaking in tongues, when there is an interpreter to relay the message, is so that “the church may receive the edifying.” Verse 6, Paul says “brethren (Christians), if I come to you,” that is, to them all gathered together. Verse 19 says “In the church…” Verse 23, “if the whole church comes together in one place…” Verse 26, “Brethren, when you come together…” Verse 28, “if there is no interpreter, let him keep silence in the church…” Verse 33, “For God is not the author of confusion, but of peace, as in all churches of the saints.” Verse 34, “Let your women keep silence in the churches.” Verse 35, “It is a shame for a women to speak in the church.” The context is when Christians are gathered together for worship to God and receiving instruction from His word.
Third, I want you to, even more so than the others, pay super-special attention to this next point. Paul says that the women are not permitted to “speak” in the church. That word translated “speak” appears a whopping twenty-four times in this chapter. Let’s look at them:
- (verse 2) He that speaks in an unknown tongue does not speak to men, but unto God: for no man understands him; however, in the spirit he speaks
- (verse 3) He that prophesies speaks…
- (verse 4) He that speaks in an unknown tongue…
- (verse 5) I wish that you all spoke with tongues, but rather that you prophesied: for the one who prophesies is greater than he who speaks with tongues…
- (verse 6) brethren, if I come to you speaking with tongues, what shall I profit you, unless I shall speak to you either by revelation, or by knowledge, or by prophesying, or by doctrine?
- (verse 9) unless you utter by the tongue words easy to be understood, how shall it be known what is spoken? For you shall speak into the air.
- (verse 11) If I don’t know the meaning of the voice, I shall be to him that speaks a barbarian, and he that speaks a barbarian to me.
- (verse 13) Let him that speaks in an unknown tongue…
- (verse 18) I thank my God that I speak with tongues…
- (verse 19) In the church, I would rather speak five words with my understanding…
- (verse 21) In the Law it is written, “With other tongues and other lips will I speak to this people…saith the Lord.”
- (verse 23) …and all speak in tongues…
- (verses 27-28) if any man speak in an unknown tongue…if there be no interpreter, let him keep silence in the church, and let him speak to himself and to God.
- (verse 29) Let the prophets speak…
- (verses 34-35) Let your women keep silence in the churches, for it is not permitted for them to speak, as also says the Law…it is a shame for women to speak in the church.
- (verse 39) covet to prophesy, and do not forbid to speak with tongues.
Do you notice the trend there? The same word is used over and over in this chapter, and it is a reference to speaking in front of the congregation by inspiration (tongues, prophecies, songs, revelations, etc.).
Now, it is quite possible God had given some of the female Christians in Corinth the ability to prophesy (perhaps referenced in 1 Corinthians 11:5, which we will deal with in another lesson), and Philip had four daughters who prophesied as well (Acts 21:8-9). But even though they had the miraculous ability to do those things, God stated plainly that they were not permitted to use those gifts when the church was gathered together. And if God was that strict on women speaking in the assembly when they had miraculous capabilities to do so, how can anyone possibly think that He’s lifted that restriction now that they don’t have the miraculous gifts?
Though the context is miraculous, the principle still remains (and fits perfectly with what Paul said in 1 Timothy 2, that we looked at last week), women are not permitted to speak (that is, to lead in any aspect of the worship) in the church.
Now, look again with me at verses 27-28 of this chapter.
If any man speaks in an unknown tongue, let it be by two, or at the most by three, and that by course (or, one at a time); and let one interpret. But if there be no interpreter, let him keep silence in the church; and let him speak to himself and to God.
Other than the him/her, this is the exact same wording as for the woman in the original. Whatever it means for the man here, it means for the woman in verse 34. This man is commanded to keep quiet from speaking in tongues if there is no interpreter. It doesn’t mean he’s not permitted to lead a prayer in the normal language of the people at the close of the service; it’s talking about the speaking in tongues. In short, THERE IS A CONTEXT!
So, when Paul says, “Let your women keep silence in the churches,” he’s got reference to leading in worship. The chapter gives all the different “speakings” that are under consideration—praying, preaching, teaching, interpreting, speaking in tongues, leading a song. “Speaking” in the assembly is a role that God has placed upon the shoulders of male Christians.
But it’s almost as though Paul expected that statement about women exercising their gifts in the assembly to be taken badly by his readers, because right after saying it, he says:
What? Did the word of God come out of you? Or did it only come to you? If anyone thinks himself to be a prophet, or spiritual, let him acknowledge that the things that I am writing to you are the commandments of the Lord.
Then he says, (KJV) “If any man be ignorant, let him be ignorant.” A more literal translation might be, “If any man is actively ignorant (in this matter), do not recognize him.”
My brethren, those are some incredibly strong words from God. Those who reject God’s commands regarding who is permitted to lead in the worship aren’t really spiritual; they are actively ignorant, rejecting the commands of the Lord; and they are not to be recognized as being right with God.
Being right with God isn’t just something nice to be, it is absolutely essential to our holiness and happiness and hope. You can’t be wrong with God here and expect to be right with God at judgment! My friends, a home with God Himself is there for you if you will submit to His authority and do your best to follow His commands. That might sound domineering, but it’s like saying “just obey the law, and you’ll be fine.” The law of God says that those who believe in Jesus have the power to become children of God (John 1:12). These believers have to put their belief into action by repenting of their sins, confessing that Jesus is the Christ, and being baptized in submission to His will. Only those who have done these things are made citizens of that heavenly kingdom! And after you become a citizen, “just obey the law, and you’ll be fine.” When you mess up, when you sin, when you fall away, God is merciful and will forgive you when you go to Him in prayer, confessing your sin and repenting of it.
God loves you and wants you to be saved. He’s giving you an opportunity right now to do it. Won’t you do it now?
-Bradley S. Cobb